Transformative Works and Cultures

Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC) is an international, peer-reviewed journal published by the Organization for Transformative Works. TWC publishes articles about transformative works, broadly conceived; articles about media studies; and articles about the fan community.

We invite papers in all areas, including fan fiction, fan vids, film, TV, anime, comic books, fan community, video games, and machinima. We encourage a variety of critical approaches, including feminism, gender studies, queer theory, postcolonial theory, audience theory, reader-response theory, literary criticism, film studies, and posthumanism. We also encourage authors to consider writing personal essays integrated with scholarship; hyperlinked articles; or other forms that test the limits of the genre of academic writing.

Submissions: Authors need to register as authors with the journal before submitting, or if already registered as authors can simply log in and begin the five-step process of submission.


Nancy Baym, Microsoft Research - Rebecca Black, UC Irvine - Paul Booth, DePaul U - Will Brooker, Kingston U - Rhiannon Bury, Athabasca U - Melissa Click, U of Missouri - Francesca Coppa, Muhlenberg C - Abigail De Kosnik, UC Berkeley - Paul Draper, Queensland Conservatorium Griffith U - Catherine Driscoll, U of Sydney - Kathleen Fitzpatrick, Pomona C - Sam Ford, Convergence Culture Consortium - Jonathan Gray, U of Wisconsin - C. Lee Harrington, Miami U - Heather Hendershot, MIT - Matt Hills, Aberystwyth U - Henry Jenkins, USC - Derek Johnson, U of Wisconsin - Derek Kompare, Southern Methodist U - Anne Kustritz, U of Amsterdam - Alexis Lothian, Indiana U of Pennsylvania - Mark McLelland, U of Wollongong - Helen Merrick, Curtin U of Technology - Jason Mittell, Middlebury C - Lori Morimoto, Independent - Roberta Pearson, U of Nottingham - Whitney Phillips - New York U - Bob Rehak, Swarthmore C - Robin Anne Reid, Texas A&M-Commerce - Julie Levin Russo, Evergreen State C - Cornel Sandvoss, U of Surrey - Avi Santo, Old Dominion - Suzanne Scott, Arizona State U - Catherine Tosenberger, U of Winnipeg - Rebecca Tushnet, Georgetown U Law Center - Ika Willis, U of Wollongong - Berit Åström, U of Umeå

Upcoming issues

  • No. 16 (June 2014) Materiality and Object-Oriented Fandom (CLOSED)
  • No. 17 (September 2014) General issue (CLOSED)

Issues coming in 2015–2016

Vol 15 (2014)

Guest edited by Mel Stanfill and Megan Condis, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Table of Contents


Fandom and/as labor HTML
Mel Stanfill, Megan Condis


Fifty shades of fan labor: Exploitation and Fifty Shades of Grey HTML
Bethan Jones
The media festival volunteer: Connecting online and on-ground fan labor HTML
Robert Moses Peaslee, Jessica El-Khoury, Ashley Liles
Chuck versus the ratings: Savvy fans and "save our show" campaigns HTML
Christina Savage
Modding a free and open source software video game: "Play testing is hard work" HTML
Giacomo Poderi, David James Hakken
Sherlockology and Fan sites as gifts or exploited labor? HTML
Bertha Chin
Promoting fan labor and "all things Web": A case study of Tosh.0 HTML
Rose Helens-Hart
The cultural economics of performance space: Negotiating fan, labor, and marketing practice in Glee’s transmedia geography HTML
Matthias Stork


Fan work: Labor, worth, and participation in fandom's gift economy HTML
Tisha Turk
Better Badges: Image as virus HTML
Joly MacFie


Veronica Mars Kickstarter and crowd funding HTML
Bertha Chin, Bethan Jones, Myles McNutt, Luke Pebler


Digital labor: The Internet as playground and factory, edited by Trebor Scholz HTML
Stephanie Anne Brown
Cognitive capitalism, education, and digital labor, edited by Michael A. Peters and Ergin Bulut HTML
Simone D. Becque
Gaga feminism: Sex, gender, and the end of normal, by J. Jack Halberstam HTML
Anne Kustritz

Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC), ISSN 1941-2258, is an online-only Gold Open Access publication of the nonprofit Organization for Transformative Works copyrighted under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Contact the Editor with questions.