Transformative Works and Cultures

Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC) is an international, peer-reviewed journal published by the Organization for Transformative Works. TWC publishes articles about transformative works, broadly conceived; articles about media studies; and articles about the fan community.

We invite papers in all areas, including fan fiction, fan vids, film, TV, anime, comic books, fan community, video games, and machinima. We encourage a variety of critical approaches, including feminism, gender studies, queer theory, postcolonial theory, audience theory, reader-response theory, literary criticism, film studies, and posthumanism. We also encourage authors to consider writing personal essays integrated with scholarship; hyperlinked articles; or other forms that test the limits of the genre of academic writing.

Submissions: Authors need to register as authors with the journal before submitting, or if already registered as authors can simply log in and begin the five-step process of submission.


Nancy Baym, Microsoft Research - Rebecca Black, UC Irvine - Paul Booth, DePaul U - Will Brooker, Kingston U - Rhiannon Bury, Athabasca U - Melissa Click, U of Missouri - Francesca Coppa, Muhlenberg C - Abigail De Kosnik, UC Berkeley - Paul Draper, Queensland Conservatorium Griffith U - Catherine Driscoll, U of Sydney - Kathleen Fitzpatrick, Pomona C - Sam Ford, Convergence Culture Consortium - Jonathan Gray, U of Wisconsin - C. Lee Harrington, Miami U - Heather Hendershot, MIT - Matt Hills, Aberystwyth U - Henry Jenkins, USC - Derek Johnson, U of Wisconsin - Derek Kompare, Southern Methodist U - Anne Kustritz, U of Amsterdam - Alexis Lothian, U of Maryland College Park - Mark McLelland, U of Wollongong - Helen Merrick, Curtin U of Technology - Jason Mittell, Middlebury C - Lori Morimoto, Independent - Roberta Pearson, U of Nottingham - Whitney Phillips, Independent - Bob Rehak, Swarthmore C - Robin Anne Reid, Texas A&M-Commerce - Julie Levin Russo, Evergreen State C - Cornel Sandvoss, U of Surrey - Avi Santo, Old Dominion - Suzanne Scott, U of Texas, Austin - Catherine Tosenberger, U of Winnipeg - Rebecca Tushnet, Georgetown U Law Center - Ika Willis, U of Wollongong - Berit Åström, U of Umeå

Upcoming issues

Issues coming in 2015–2016

Vol 17 (2014)

General issue, September 2014

Table of Contents


Fannish form and content HTML
TWC Editor


Redefining genderswap fan fiction: A Sherlock case study HTML
Ann McClellan
How to do things with fan subs: Media engagement as subcultural capital in anime fan subbing HTML
Douglas Schules
Bull in a china shop: Alternate reality games and transgressive fan play in social media franchises HTML
Burcu S. Bakioglu


Twinship, incest, and twincest in the Harry Potter universe HTML
Vera Cuntz-Leng
Iron Man in Chinese boys' love fandom: A story untold HTML
John Wei
Fan edits and the legacy of The Phantom Edit HTML
Joshua Wille
Fan fiction metadata creation and utilization within fan fiction archives: Three primary models HTML
Shannon Fay Johnson


Fan fiction and midrash: Making meaning HTML
Rachel Barenblat
Wordplay, mindplay: Fan fiction and postclassical narratology HTML
Veerle Van Steenhuyse
Why they won't save us: Political dispositions in the conflicts of superheroes HTML
Woody Evans
Preserving digital remix video HTML
Rebecca Fraimow
Performances of innocence and deviance in Disney cosplaying HTML
Maria Patrice Amon
Fandom and the fourth wall HTML
Jenna Kathryn Ballinger


Exploring fandom, social media, and producer/fan interactions: An interview with Sleepy Hollow's Orlando Jones HTML
Lucy Bennett, Bertha Chin
Spreadable media: Creating value and meaning in a networked culture HTML
Louisa Ellen Stein


Fanged fan fiction: Variations on Twilight, True Blood, and The Vampire Diaries, by Maria Lindgren Leavenworth and Malin Isaksson HTML
Anne Gilbert
Manga's cultural crossroads, edited by Jaqueline Berndt and Bettina Kümmerling-Meibauer HTML
Nicolle Lamerichs
Popular music fandom: Identities, roles, and practices, edited by Mark Duffett HTML
Lucy Bennett

Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC), ISSN 1941-2258, is an online-only Gold Open Access publication of the nonprofit Organization for Transformative Works copyrighted under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Contact the Editor with questions.