Ownership, authority, and the body: Does antifanfic sentiment reflect posthuman anxiety?

  • Madeline Ashby
Keywords: Anime, CLAMP, Cyborg theory, Doujinshi, Fandom, Fan fiction, Ghost in the Shell, Haraway, Manga, Neon Genesis Evangelion, Serial Experiments, Lain, Uncanny


This essay examines three Japanese anime texts—Ghost in the Shell, Neon Genesis Evangelion, and Serial Experiments: Lain—in order to discover metaphors for female fan practices online. In each of the three texts, women overthrow corporate, governmental, or paternal control over the body and gain the right to copy or reproduce it by fundamentally altering those bodies. These gestures are expressions of posthuman anxiety and "terminal identity." In addition, they involve confrontation with an uncanny double in some way. But how can they provide models for cyborg and fan subjectivity in an era in which bodily and textual reproduction, especially among females, is such a hotly contested issue? And how is the antifanfic backlash related to the phenomenon of the uncanny?

Author Biography

Madeline Ashby
Madeline Ashby is a master's student at York University in Toronto, Canada, where she is pursuing a degree in Interdisciplinary Studies and a Graduate Diploma in Asian Studies.