Rainbow Direction and fan-based citizenship performance

  • Bri Mattia DePaul University
Keywords: Boy band, Fan studies, LGBT, One Direction


The success of the activist group Rainbow Direction, created by fans of the UK boy band One Direction, helped change the dominant ideology of One Direction's concerts and chip away at the long-held assertions of who fangirls are. Social media can be used to enact social change, combating the erasure of LGBT+ fans from the fangirl narrative.