Homophobia, heteronormativity, and slash fan fiction

  • April S. Callis Northern Kentucky University
Keywords: K/S, Kirk/Spock, Star Trek, Sexuality


I analyze the relationship between homophobia/heteronormativity and slash fan fiction. Through reading and coding almost 6,000 pages of Kirk/Spock fan fiction written from 1978 to 2014, I illuminate shifts in how normative gender and sexuality are portrayed by K/S authors. Writers of K/S, while ostensibly writing about the 23rd century, consciously or unconsciously include cultural norms from the 20th and 21st centuries. Thus, slash becomes a lens through which readers can view a decrease in both homophobia and heteronormativity in US culture over the past several decades.

Author Biography

April S. Callis, Northern Kentucky University
Lecturer, Honors Program.
How to Cite
Callis, A. (2016). Homophobia, heteronormativity, and slash fan fiction. Transformative Works and Cultures, 22. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2016.0708